Once the sample is obtained, it is examined by a veterinary pathologist under the microscope. You might also have a creamy, whitish coating in and around your vagina. It is dimorphic, producing a mycelial form in nature and a spherule form in the host organism. Occasionally, if your rash is widespread, antifungal tablets called fluconazole are prescribed. It’s when something happens that upsets this balance and gives the Candida a chance to bloom out of control that we get the classic “yeast infection” that has plagued nearly every woman past the age of puberty. Current antifungal medications work on the surface of the cell to destroy the fungus.

Broccoli, radishes, brussels sprout, cabbage, etc. Physiological tests include: Small amounts of yeast can be found in the normal vagina. Vaginal yeast infections, but first, a few tips on figuring out what’s actually going on down there. Talk with your doctor about the advantages and disadvantages of vaginal and oral medicines, including: Men can also get genital yeast infections, but it’s much less common. A vaginal yeast infection is actually a type of vaginitis, a condition where the vagina is swollen, painful and creates a discharge. ” These superficial fungal infections can affect areas like nails, skin and hair, and might include athlete’s foot or vaginal yeast infections. If you have lots of irritation, it may sting when you pee.

  • The antioxidants in olive oil help your body get rid of Candida.
  • This medicine causes many side effects, but it is still a reliable medicine for serious, invasive fungal infections.
  • Some women think that eating foods with lactobacillus organisms, such as yogurt or acidophilus milk, will help prevent yeast infections.
  • There are several conditions you can develop when candida goes out of balance.

Guys who are not circumcised need to take extra care to clean properly beneath their foreskins. Treatment for yeast dermatitis may be topical, oral, or a combination of both, and is based on the severity of your dog's condition. Scrapings of Candida lesions inside the mouth or elsewhere can be examined under the microscope for signs of the infection. STAFF REPORTS ARE WRITTEN BY THE STRAIGHT DOPE SCIENCE ADVISORY BOARD, CECIL'S ONLINE AUXILIARY. Failure to comply may result in legal action. Common diaper rash in infants and toddlers is most often a superficial infection caused by the same fungi as other yeast infections in moist parts of the body.

Redness and swelling of the vagina and vulva. It may also be a sign of an HIV infection or other weakened immune system disorders when it occurs in adults. Uti or yeast infection: how to tell the difference, it is important that you know you have a yeast infection before treating it with an OTC medication2:. For example, if the infection is a different kind, such as bacterial vaginosis (the most common cause of abnormal vaginal discharge), rather than thrush. Since these medications are oil-based, they can weaken latex condoms and diaphragms, potentially making them less reliable. An itchy sensation in the vagina and vulva.

A low-functioning immune system in itself may leave you feeling tired and fatigued. If sex is the cause of the problem, it may help to use a gel that can alleviate dryness during intercourse. Histoplasma capsulatum , cause of a lung disease called histoplasmosis.

What Are Signs Of Vaginal Yeast Infections?

These combination creams are easier to use. Symptoms of a UTI include a burning feeling when you urinate, a frequent urge to urinate, cloudy, dark or strange-smelling urine and pain or pressure in your lower abdomen. If an overgrowth of Candida is left untreated, it can enter your bloodstream and travel throughout your entire body. In these cases, the fungus in the gut gets into the blood system. A sample of vaginal discharge can be taken during a wet mount test. Can vaginal yeast infections be prevented? You may be given an antifungal cream or ointment to treat the infection.

Candida is a type of yeast (fungus). Can you get a yeast infection from sex?, yeast infections are caused by a fungus, usually candida albicans, that grows rapidly, taking over the normal bacteria found within the vagina. Eat unsweetened yogurt with live bacterial culture (Lactobacillus acidophilus). Another common cause of excess skin oils is seborrhea oleosa (see handout “Seborrhea in Dogs” for information on this condition). Thrush and breastfeeding signs, symptoms, and treatment, try it and let me know how it works for you! Sometimes, two to three doses of oral fluconazole may be recommended instead of direct vaginal therapy.

Can a yeast infection be prevented?

Next Steps

Fortunately, the symptoms of a yeast infection usually disappear completely with the right treatment. The use of condoms is often recommended. Vaginal yeast infections, your symptoms are mild and you DO NOT have pelvic pain or a fever. Although a yeast infection can be detected during a routine Pap test, this type of test is not typically done to diagnose vaginal infections.

It’s estimated that 75% of all women will get at least one vaginal yeast infection in their lifetime, and half of those will have at least one recurrence ( 16 ). Anti-fungal drugs called "azoles" are commonly used to treat Candida infections. See separate leaflets called Vaginal Thrush (Yeast Infection) and Oral Thrush (Yeast Infection) for more details. Infection occurs in about 30% of women who are taking a course of antibiotics by mouth. Use good oral hygiene to help prevent yeast infection in your mouth (thrush). Yeast infections are more common in women with higher estrogen levels — such as pregnant women or women taking high-dose estrogen birth control pills or estrogen hormone therapy.

If symptoms do not clear within a week, consult your doctor. They include yeast-like fungi such as candida. There is no evidence to support the use of special cleansing diets and colonic hydrotherapy for prevention. AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses. The fungi grow best in warm, moist places such as shoes, socks, swimming pools, locker rooms, and public showers.

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Copper and manganese are both found in relatively small quantities in the human body. Keep your skin clean and dry Keep your feet clean, cool and dry. For example, cosmetics, soaps and moisturizers can alter skin conditions, especially the antibacterial varieties. Candida infection is also particularly common in people with diabetes and in those who are obese. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Common symptoms are a rash, white discharge, or itching. In fact, treating a chronic sinus infection with antibiotics could actually make it worse.

There's also some evidence that infections may be linked to mouth to genital contact (oral-genital sex). Q How long does it typically take to get rid of a Candida overgrowth? What is a vaginal yeast infection? Three out of four women will get a vaginal yeast infection during their life. Obese people may develop candidal infection between folds of skin. During pregnancy, vaginal yeasts increase because of decreased vaginal acidity and a higher output of female hormones (which raise glycogen [carbohydrate] levels) favoring candidal growth. Various conditions can cause nonmenstrual vaginal discharge in women, such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, trichomoniasis, and bacterial vaginosis.

The partner of someone who has a yeast infection does not automatically have to be treated unless symptoms appear. In some cases, another symptom of a vaginal yeast infection can be pain during sex. Yeast infections often cause thick, white, clumpy vaginal discharge that usually doesn’t smell (or only smells slightly different than normal). You are not sure that you have a yeast infection.

How Can Vaginal Yeast Infections Be Prevented?

Clinical practice guidelines for the management of candidiasis: You need a prescription from your doctor to get the yeast infection pill. You might cringe at the thought of having a fungal or yeast infection. These infections are common and often occur with antibiotic use. It is an overgrowth of common yeast (malessezia) that lives in the hair follicle. Antifungal therapy may need to be given for weeks to months.

Sex may be one.
  • Menstrual blood raises the vaginal pH, causing the number of yeast cells to decrease because they can't grow in the pH present during menstruation.
  • But when that balance is disrupted, the yeast rapidly grows and you can get a yeast infection.
  • There are many different reasons why you have a vaginal infection.
  • But sometimes your yeast grows too much and leads to an infection.
  • These infections are caused by something that’s already in your body—a fungal body (yeast) called candida.
  • When your immune system is strong and healthy, it maintains a balance of candida.
  • Signs of infection may get worse without treatment.

Signs and Symptoms

Treatment for thrush is considered to have failed if the symptoms do not clear within 7–14 days. These include organ transplant recipients, people who have HIV/AIDS, those who are on chemotherapy or immune system suppressants, and those who have an underlying condition such as diabetes or lung disease. Change pads and tampons often during your period. Are pregnant and have symptoms of a vaginal infection or a urinary tract infection (UTI). When this yeast increases it can cause an infection. Yeast infections caused by other types of candida fungus can be more difficult to treat, and generally need more-aggressive therapies. Candida normally lives on the skin and inside the body, in places such as the mouth, throat, gut, and vagina, without causing any problems.

Your doctor can also give you tips on relieving burning and itching. There are more than 1. Anyone can get a yeast infection. Also, women with suppressed immune systems (for example, those taking cortisone-related medications such as prednisone) develop vaginal yeast infections more frequently than women with normal immunity. This may work for acute bacterial sinus infections, but not chronic fungal ones. In 2020, there was an outbreak of fungal meningitis in some parts of the United States.

Cause A vaginal yeast infection is caused by an overgrowth of yeast organisms that normally live in small numbers in the vagina. There are many types of yeast. For infrequent recurrences, the simplest and most cost-effective management is self-diagnosis and early initiation of topical therapy. Eating about a cup of plain yogurt that contains “live” or “active” cultures every day may help reduce the recurrence of yeast infections.


I will note that it is the same fungi responsible for thrush in babies, that it can cause athlete’s foot and jock itch and that it’s possible to get it so badly that you get Candida Septicemia, a blood poisoning that affects every system in the body. Four reasons not to use boric acid for bv. Male yeast infection causes and symptoms, self-spit tests have also grown in popularity, where you spit in a cup of water in the morning and wait fifteen minutes to see if the water turns cloudy, which would indicate candida. Many women experience at least two episodes. Vaginal yeast infections, also called vaginal Candidiasis or vulvovaginal Candidiasis (VVC), are experienced by as many as 3 out of 4 women during their lifetime.

Many of these creams are available without a prescription. While skin candidiasis can affect any part of the body, areas that are warm and moist, such as the armpits and groin, are particularly prone to infection. Who is at risk for yeast infections?

One can also contract candida by coming in contact with excretions of the mouth skin, vagina and feces from carriers, and from mother to baby during childbirth. But they are not safe to use if you are pregnant. It is found in soil and bird droppings (bird poop). The antibiotic nystatin is often prescribed for children with superficial infections such as oral thrush or a Candida-related diaper rash. Fevers, chills, vomiting, general illness, or worsening rash needs to be investigated promptly. If you have recurrent yeast infections — four or more within a year — you may need a longer treatment course and a maintenance plan. Uncomplicated thrush is when there are less than four episodes in a year, the symptoms are mild or moderate, it is likely caused by Candida albicans, and there are no significant host factors such as poor immune function.

Don't douche or use deodorant tampons or feminine sprays, powders, or perfumes.

Exams and Tests

What causes a vaginal yeast infection? Tiredness and Fatigue One of the most common symptoms associated with Candida is fatigue. What can happen if you don't get treated for a yeast infection? You always have the right to refuse treatment. Although they can bother you a lot, they are not usually serious. Thrush in otherwise healthy children is not unusual, but in adults it may signal a weakened immune system, possibly caused by cancer, diabetes, or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.

Fungal infections can occur anywhere in your body but most commonly, they begin on your skin. Yeast infections can be annoying, especially if they happen regularly. Poor diet and lack of sleep may also increase the risk. REPLENISH GOOD BACTERIA During treatment, take high-quality probiotic supplements, which help protect your body against future infections. Since yeasts feed on sugar, conditions that raise vaginal glucose levels could promote their growth. Because these drugs have potential side effects, particularly involving the liver, close monitoring with routine blood tests is necessary. Fungal infections (thrush or vaginitis) often follow courses of antibacterials.

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7% Non-albicans Candida (8 species): It contains the natural ingredient Tea Tree oil which can remedy the itching, burning, dryness and irritation that many women experience during and after sex. Macrobid and yeast infections, seizures are observed primarily in children. Omega-3 fatty acids fight fungal infections. Some of these are useful to the body, some produce no harm or benefit, and some can cause harmful infections.

The catheter usually must be removed or replaced and tests are done to determine whether infection has spread to other parts of the body. It is probably the most virulent of the human pathogenic fungi. (2) Vulvovaginitis or Vaginitis caused by Candida. A very wide range of symptoms can be caused by the Candida infection, from the mildest and more common forms that usually affect the mouth and vagina, to the most rare and severe forms which may affect the heart or brain:


A high level indicates that there is yeast overgrowth in the upper gut/small intestines. The lesions are usually rimmed with small, red-based pustules and they commonly appear in folds of the skin; i. If the areas between toes or fingers are involved, the affected skin may become thickened, white and soft. It can affect areas such as the skin, mouth, throat, and genitals.

Although yeast infections may spread from one sexual partner to the other, it’s rare. Yeast infections can be diagnosed during a medical exam. Examples include between skin folds or under the breasts. In a healthy person, the infection is usually limited to the lungs and causes only mild symptoms. Most healthy vaginas have yeast. A skin yeast infection can appear anywhere on your skin or nail beds. In most cases, candidiasis will be cured with treatment. One good choice is cotton underwear.


Vaginal yeast infections can also occur as a result of injury to the inner vagina, such as after chemotherapy. Some manufacturers add juices that are tend to have high levels of naturally occurring sugar such as grape juice to some foods. There may be severe redness, swelling, and itching, leading to skin fissures or sores. Unlike mycelial fungi, many yeasts are normal flora inhabitants of humans.

Morphology is much less important, although C.

Coccidioidomycosis (Valley Fever)

What can be done for immediate relief of itching or discomfort? If you stop taking it too soon, the infection could come back. If children take no fluids for longer than 12 hours, contact your doctor. There are some things women can do when they have vaginitis or when they want to prevent future attacks: Candidal paronychia is candidiasis in the nail folds or cuticles, which causes painful redness and swelling (see Onychomycosis) around the nail. A few fungal infections may be easily passed on to other people, while others typically are not contagious. You may feel more comfortable if you wear breathable cotton underwear and clothes and avoid vaginal sprays and douches. Having a condition such as poorly controlled diabetes or can lead to too much yeast growing in the vagina.

Tampons can absorb the medicine.

In addition, several of the anti-fungal drugs interact with specific HIV medications, such as the protease inhibitor Norvir (ritonavir), and some non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, such as Sustiva (efavirenz), Viramune (nevirapine), Edurant (rilpivirine), and Intelence (etravirine). There are other types of vaginal infections with symptoms similar to a yeast infection, but they will not respond to medicine for a yeast infection. It is NOT contagious. If the genital area is swollen or painful, sitting in warm water (in a bathtub or sitz bath , not a hot tub) may help. Common symptoms include a runny nose, nasal congestion, loss of smell and headaches. Normally, it’s not a problem as it keeps some kind of balance going with the bacteria, yeasts and assorted wee beasties that also inhabit said spaces. If you have more questions about yeast infections, or you want to know how to find a clinic near you, call your local health department or family planning program. Candida also can infect:

I think of the microbiome (clusters of mainly bacteria, plus other organisms, found in our skin, nose, mouth, gut, urinary tract) as a rainforest: Candida can also cause infections of the nails, edges of the nails, and corners of the mouth. See your doctor if you aren't sure what you have or if this is the first time you have had these symptoms. If you have or think you may have a fungal infection, be sure to see your doctor and/or pharmacist. Sometimes a mild steroid cream is added to reduce inflammation and itch whilst the antifungal cream is working. Have lower abdominal pain and a fever higher than 101°F (38. )Don’t take leftover antibiotics or someone else’s antibiotics if you think you have an infection.

Recurring Vaginal Fungal Infections

If you have risk factors for an STI, discuss your symptoms with your doctor before using a nonprescription medicine. How to get rid of a yeast infection, however, the infection resists treatment in some women, especially pregnant and diabetic women, and a cure may take some time. Usually, your health care provider will ask you to insert an antifungal cream or a suppository inside your vagina at night for three to seven nights. Or your doctor may prescribe a medicine to treat the infection.

An antifungal cream usually clears the infection within a week or so. They are the views of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of goop, and are for informational purposes only, even if and to the extent that this article features the advice of physicians and medical practitioners. In some people, the candidal skin infection may be the first indication of another condition such as diabetes. Make sure you follow the directions and use all of the medicine, even if your symptoms go away before you finish. Some fungi are while others are , causing disease whether the is healthy or not. When something happens to change the balance of these organisms, yeast can grow too much and cause symptoms.

How can I prevent a yeast infection?

Candida normally live on the skin and inside the body (mouth, throat, gut, and vagina) without causing health problems. Infections in skinfolds (intertriginous infections) or in the navel usually cause a bright red rash, sometimes with breakdown of skin. Whether you should avoid sexual intercourse if you are using vaginal medicine. Antibiotics, steroid therapy, and chemotherapy increase the risk of cutaneous candidiasis. Exams and Tests Your doctor may be able to diagnose your vaginal symptoms based on your medical history and a vaginal exam. Itching and redness of the vulva can also be caused by a reaction to vaginal products such as soap, bath oils, spermicidal jelly, or douches. Avoid unnecessary use of antibiotics. Girls who have diabetes that isn't controlled are more likely to get yeast infections.

How Is A Yeast Infection Diagnosed?

ET, Monday — FridayOWH and the OWH helpline do not see patients and are unable to: It's important to see a doctor for your diagnosis because if you actually have another type of infection, it could get worse if not properly treated. Why does my anus itch? 15 causes of anal itching. Myers says nine out of ten patients she sees have an overgrowth of Candida (a form of yeast), and she estimates that nearly half of women have some form of Candida imbalance, with the body producing too much yeast (we need a certain amount of it) and overpowering the good bacteria. Infants may develop a candidal diaper rash in the diaper area. Your doctor will do a pelvic exam—he or she will take a swab of the vagina and have the sample examined under a microscope—to determine whether candida is the cause of the symptoms. Women with HIV—especially women with low CD4 counts—are particularly prone to getting them. The more commonly used drugs include clotrimazole (sold under the brand names Canesten and Clotrimaderm) and miconazole (sold under the brand names Micozole and Monistat).

  • Alcohol can dry and irritate the skin and make symptoms worse.
  • Infants and children can also get yeast infections.
  • Candidiasis is a very common fungal infection usually caused by Candida albicans.
  • If the number of yeast organisms on the skin increase, a yeast skin infection results.
  • Infection occurs when too much yeast begins to grow.
  • One option is a one-time treatment of a prescription or an over-the-counter medication such as butoconazole (Gynazole-1), clotrimazole (Gyne-Lotrimin), miconazole (Monistat 3), and terconazole (Terazol 3).


Candidiasis (vulvovaginal). Anti-fungal supplements can be effective, too: If you are a woman and get vaginal yeast infections often, you may want to take probiotics. Things that may encourage an excess growth of vaginal yeast include: A vaginal yeast infection is not considered to be a sexually transmitted disease (STD), since Candida may be present in the normal vagina, and the condition does occur in celibate women.

Superficial yeast and fungal infections are generally not a serious problem in healthy people, but they can occur easily in anyone, and can be very annoying. To check for a vaginal yeast infection, your health care provider looks for signs of infection and collects a sample of vaginal fluid for lab tests. Treatments for vaginal infections, stewart said, because a patient needs to stop taking antifungals for more than two weeks before she's tested. The views expressed in this article intend to highlight alternative studies and induce conversation. If you practice good genital hygiene, you can also help prevent infection. Examples of people with weakened immune systems include those with HIV/AIDS or cancer, who are hospitalized, or are taking medications that suppress the immune system (e. )Hormonal changes from your period, pregnancy or high blood sugar can also add to your risk. But there's no scientific proof that this will prevent yeast infections. Except that I said so.

Although often due to friction, bacteria AND yeast, Candida, a type of yeast is often the cause of much of the rash and irritation.

Further Information

The infection may spread to the face, fingertips or the trunk. (5) Candida infection around the nails (Candidal Paronichia). Have an unusual vaginal discharge, and this is the first time you have had an infection that might be a vaginal yeast infection. It can also cause infections in the lungs and throughout the body. If you have sinus infections that last longer than one month, Candida may be to blame. What about my partner(s)?

  • When too much yeast grows on your skin or other areas, it can cause an infection.
  • Cotton underwear "breathes" better than underwear made of polyester or nylon; it therefore can help reduce the growth of yeast.
  • (Involvement may be localized to the mouth, throat, skin, scalp, vagina, fingers, toes shown to the left), nails, bronchi, lungs or gastrointestinal tract.
  • Your doctor will advise you in detail about what is involved.
  • If your yeast infections are more persistent—they do not clear up with local treatment or they keep recurring—your doctor may prescribe a drug (pills taken orally) that circulates in the bloodstream throughout your body.
  • Sometimes, under certain conditions, they can multiply and cause infection.
  • Although it can affect any woman, candidiasis is more frequent among women who are pregnant, diabetic or obese.

Related Conditions

Conditions that spur the growth of candidiasis will also need to be changed in order to get rid of the vaginal infection completely. Infections occur in children with cancer who are receiving chemotherapy. However, if your infection keeps coming back, or if your partner has symptoms, your health care provider will also want to examine your partner(s). Wearing tight-fitting, nonabsorbent pants or undergarments that hold in warmth and moisture. For example, if you have AIDS, or have chemotherapy, or have certain types of serious blood disorder. Have not been exposed to a sexually transmitted infection (STI) , which would require a medical exam. Symptoms include redness, irritation, and discharge. These treatments are relatively inexpensive and cause almost no side effects.

If you are unfamiliar with your symptoms, see your doctor for an accurate diagnosis. Check your skin each day to make sure you do not have new or worsening problems. Merenstein D, Hu H, Wang C, et al. Many who do survive are left with life-changing effects, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), chronic pain and fatigue, organ dysfunction (organs don’t work properly) and/or amputations.

Call the OWH HELPLINE: It causes inflammation, irritation, itching, and vaginal discharge. Vaginal yeast infections, one small study showed that among women who believed they had a yeast infection, only 1 out of 3 of them actually had one, and women who had been diagnosed in the past by a healthcare provider weren’t any better at correctly making the diagnosis (7). Medications can effectively treat vaginal yeast infections.

Tinea Versicolor

Keep the skin protected. Yeast infection yeast, on the other hand, is a parasitic yeast-like fungus called Candida albicans. Losing weight may help if obesity is contributing to this problem. The OWH helpline is a resource line. Wearing tight clothes or synthetics such as nylon, spandex or Lycra. Yogurt & yeast infections, be sure that regardless of what system you purchase, you do your research first to be sure that it will be effective in its performance. Oral antifungal medicines are available with a prescription and are easy to use. Using scented sanitary products and douching can upset the healthy balance of bacteria in the vagina and make yeast infections more likely.

How do I care for the skin near the infection?

Long-course vaginal therapy includes treatment with a vaginal cream, ointment, tablet, or suppository for approximately 7 to 14 days. Thrush resources • kellymom.com, [78] The specific epithet albicans also comes from Latin, albicare meaning "to whiten". How common are vaginal yeast infections? Having a weakened immune system. Sorry, we could not find any Health Center for your search. It is best to wait to have any kind of sex – oral, vaginal or anal – until you have taken all of your medicine and all of your symptoms have gone away.

If your vaginal chemistry gets thrown off balance, the normal yeast that live in your vagina can grow too much and lead to an infection. Some of the common things that put you at risk for vaginal yeast infection include: Some types of Candida are resistant to the antifungals used to treat them. Other symptoms such as bloody discharge, abdominal pain, fever, and increased urination also can indicate more serious problems, and you should seek medical help. Laboratory tests are usually ordered if an infection does not go away or keeps returning. A vaginal yeast infection isn't considered a sexually transmitted infection.

But if after having sex you develop a yeast infection that causes symptoms, it is most likely because other things are also involved. This article will look at the causes, symptoms, and diagnosis of yeast infections, as well as medication and home remedies. Fungal nail infections are quite common, as are infections involving mucous membranes, such as the mouth and genitals.

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The most common bacteria, Lactobacillus acidophilus, help keep other organisms—like the yeast—under control. People's pharmacy: soak away fungal infection with vinegar, epsom salts, add 1/4 cup of baking soda to the bath. Clinical manifestations of candidiasis are extremely varied, ranging from acute, subacute, chronic and episodic. When the body is faced with an infection, cells give a burst of free radicals to kill the germs. Only a few species in a few genera have regularly been associated with production of disease in humans or animals. Treatment with medicated shampoos is a vital part of treating yeast dermatitis. Your healthcare provider will consider your age, overall health, how widespread the infection is and other factors to determine your treatment. When the reaction causes irritation, that can set the stage for a yeast infection. We continue to identify technical compliance solutions that will provide all readers with our award-winning journalism.

It’s important that you take the medicine for the whole time that your doctor prescribes. When should I call my healthcare provider? If you are having abnormal vaginal discharge and are not sure whether you have a yeast infection, consult your health care professional. These symptoms are more likely to occur during the week before your menstrual period. When this happens, Candida can infect bones and joints, causing pain, stiffness and swelling. The medication may be somewhat messy and you may need to wear a sanitary napkin during treatment. Your healthcare provider will ask about your symptoms and medical history.