Yeast infections are caused by a fungus, usually candida albicans, that grows rapidly, taking over the normal bacteria found within the vagina. The symptoms of a yeast infection depend on where it is located in the body. At your scheduled appointment you’ll meet with the doctor via video chat and discuss your past medical history and current symptoms. Yeast infections are one of the most common infections occurring in women. Without enough Lactobacillus, your vagina becomes less acidic, making it an ideal environment for yeast. What are the symptoms of a yeast infection?

It does not have a bad smell. Vaginal yeast infection: should i treat it myself? Your doctor will suspect an infection based on your symptoms. Pregnant women should avoid treating yeast infections with fluconazole, due to the risk of birth abnormalities. In addition, a wet mount should be examined for evidence of coexisting trichomoniasis or bacterial vaginosis. In vitro studies have shown that imidazole antifungal agents such as miconazole and clotrimazole are not as effective against non– C. If your symptoms don't go away with medication, or you develop repeat infections, get evaluated by a gynecologist to rule out other possible health issues. A woman may also experience redness and swelling of the vulvar tissue, painful urination, or pain during intercourse. This can happen because of hormones, medicines, or changes in the immune system.

Vulvovaginal candidiasis is considered recurrent when at least four specific episodes occur in one year or at least three episodes unrelated to antibiotic therapy occur within one year. Yeast infection, a yeast infection can also affect a man, so if there is a yeast infection going on, it is recommended to use condoms when having sex. Things that may encourage an excess growth of vaginal yeast include: 8 Contraceptive methods may also promote recurrences of vulvovaginal candidiasis. Infants may develop a candidal diaper rash in the diaper area. Complete the new medication information form (PDF)(What is a PDF document?) It may stem from chronic lip licking, thumb sucking, ill-fitting dentures, or other conditions that make the corners of the mouth moist enough that yeast can grow.

Azole resistant therapy. Candidal skin infections in the skin folds (candidal intertrigo) typically respond well to topical antifungal treatments (e. )Guys can get an infection of the head of the penis that is caused by the same Candida that causes vaginal infections in girls. — you might want to think again.

Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines, 2020. While search results show many are looking online for yeast infection home remedies, experts say the data doesn’t support the hope and hype. How to treat thrush in babies and nursing mothers, these microorganisms are beneficial to the health of babies and adults alike and the body allows them to remain present. These may increase body heat and moisture in your genital area. Women who are more likely to get vaginal candidiasis include those who:


In the majority of the studies reviewed, tea tree oil was tested on candida albicans, one of the most common yeasts in vaginal infections. Change pads or tampons often. Some vaginal infections, such as bacterial vaginosis, gonorrhea, or chlamydia, may increase your risk of complications during pregnancy.

Simply put, a yeast infection is an overgrowth of yeast that is normally found in the vagina. But taking a pill is convenient and is not messy. When C albicans in the vagina multiplies to the point of infection, this infection can cause vaginal inflammation, irritation, odor, discharge, and itching. Antibiotics change the normal balance between germs in the vagina. Perform a pelvic exam. Some also advocate taking anti-fungal medications intravaginally or orally at specific intervals to prevent overgrowth of yeast.

A healthcare provider can tell you if you have vaginal candidiasis and how to treat it. Increasingly, Candida species other than C. A vaginal culture. While probiotics are generally thought to be safe, clinicians say yeast infection home remedies aren’t regulated by the Food and Drug Administration, and may be costly, ineffective and carry risks that aren’t fully understood or appreciated.

So far there is no evidence for this connection.

Topic Overview

Treating a yeast infection is simple, but it's important to visit your doctor for the right diagnosis, because other infections can cause similar symptoms but require different treatments. Yeast can be present in the vagina and cause no problem or symptoms, but occasionally it overgrows and invades the vaginal tissue, leading to a yeast infection (2). Chronic vaginal yeast infections could be a sign of immune system depression, such as that which occurs in diabetes or HIV/AIDS. If you buy something through a link on this page, we may earn a small commission. Having diabetes, especially if your blood sugars are not well controlled and tend to be high. In 92% of cases the infection is caused by a type of yeast called Candida albicans. Have not been exposed to a sexually transmitted infection (STI) , which would require a medical exam. Avoid scratching, because this can cause breaks in the skin which can become infected.

Personal Stories About Self-treating A Possible Vaginal Yeast Infection

Your vagina normally maintains a natural balance of yeast and a beneficial bacterium called lactobacillus which keeps the environment in your vagina slightly acidic. Signs of trichomoniasis may include a yellow-gray or green vaginal discharge. What causes a yeast infection, be aware of the status of your new partner. If you don't take your medicines properly, you may be putting your health (and perhaps your life) at risk. A type of vaginal infection caused by a one-celled organism that is usually transmitted through sex. Recent antibiotic use, for example for a urinary tract infection. Talk to your doctor before you try unproven home treatment methods, such as applying tea tree oil in the vagina or taking garlic supplements.

If you need further help a pharmacist or your doctor can help you decide the best option for you. It is important to change the tampon regularly. To restore access and understand how to better interact with our site to avoid this in the future, please have your system administrator contact [email protected] Fungal culture test: medlineplus lab test information, nevertheless, all causes of this condition benefit by promoting a dry, clean, and friction-free environment for the feet. A diet that supports the immune system and is not high in simple carbohydrates contributes to a healthy balance of the oral and intestinal flora. Have any other symptoms that may point to a vaginal infection. Antifungal activity of cinnamon oil and olive oil against candida spp. isolated from blood stream infections. You can treat many yeast infections with over-the-counter creams or suppositories that you can buy without a prescription, especially if this isn't the first time you've had a yeast infection and you recognize the symptoms. Most yeast infections lead to itching, burning, and/or redness in or around the vagina.

  • Exams and Tests Your doctor may be able to diagnose your vaginal symptoms based on your medical history and a vaginal exam.
  • Infants and children can also get yeast infections.

Preventing A Yeast Infection From Antibiotics

You can use an antifungal cream or a suppository that you put into your vagina. Treatments last one, three, or seven days, all of which are equally effective. Oral thrush: causes, symptoms, and treatments, the following people may be at more risk of oral thrush:. In fact, if you're not super sensitive, you may not realize you have one at all. 7 A randomized, controlled trial evaluated the effect that treating male sexual partners with oral ketoconazole had on the recurrence rates for vulvovaginal candidiasis.

The treatment of chronic or frequently recurrent yeast infections involves a blend of the science and art of practicing medicine, and is rarely successful after only one visit. Bacterial vaginosis is caused by overgrowth of the bacteria that occur natually in the vagina. It is one of the most common types of vaginal infection. Most healthy vaginas have yeast. You might be instructed to take one pill on the first day and another pill every seven days until you finish the antibiotics. Your doctor may also prescribe a steroid cream for a few days to ease more severe inflammation, redness, and soreness at the opening of the vagina and of the surrounding tissue, called the vulva.

Douching is not effective for treating yeast, and can actually increase the risk of getting STIs, HIV, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and other vaginal infections like bacterial vaginosis (9,11,12). Not all these symptoms are present in every woman with a vaginal yeast infection. Miconazole|clotrimazole, most customers found the active ingredient clotrimazole to work well, with some even noting that it worked when other antifungals weren't effective or caused sensitivity for them. 1 Taking medicine Medicine is one of the many tools your doctor has to treat a health problem. It is a good idea to test for allergies to oil of oregano on the forearm before use. There are many on the market. If you stop taking it too soon, the infection could come back.


A vaginal yeast infection means that too many yeast cells are growing in the vagina. It is often found in small amounts in the vagina, mouth, digestive tract, and on the skin. Nystatin topical powder, you have a fever higher than 100° F; pain in the lower abdomen, back, or either shoulder; or a foul-smelling vaginal discharge. If symptoms continue after treatment, see your doctor.

Probiotic Supplements

This is because the symptoms are similar to those of other vaginal infections, which require different treatment. Which one is right for you? What happens if you don’t finish antibiotics? There are other conditions with similar symptoms, such as bacterial vaginosis or a sexually transmitted infection (STI). Small pustules may appear, especially at the edges of the rash, and the rash may itch intensely or burn. If your symptoms are mild, treatment might include: You can buy our products separately or you can purchase a combi-pak for both the internal and external treatments.

Vaginal candidiasis is usually treated with antifungal medicine. They then inserted one every third night for 3 weeks. 8 The role of sexual transmission is controversial. If you've been treated for a yeast infection in the past, your doctor may not need to see you and may prescribe a treatment over the phone. How can you avoid vaginal yeast infections? Physician assistants. I have not heard any complaints from these patients about postantibiotic yeast infections.

Your self-treatment is not working after one complete course of therapy. Oral thrush lozenges, you may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345. Common symptoms of gastrointestinal candidiasis in healthy individuals are anal itching, belching, bloating, indigestion, nausea, diarrhea, gas, intestinal cramps, vomiting, and gastric ulcers. Wear pantyhose with a cotton crotch. Prime members enjoy FREE Two-Day Delivery and exclusive access to music, movies, TV shows, original audio series, and Kindle books. If the genital area is swollen or painful, sitting in warm water (in a bathtub or sitz bath , not a hot tub) may help.

How do you Treat Vaginal Candidiasis?

Once the patient is able to recognize the symptoms of a typical yeast infection, future infections can be treated using nonprescription vaginal antifungal medication, such as clotrimazole or miconazole. Comparing different products is recommended. Some women (about 5%) have recurrent yeast infections. One study demonstrated a positive relationship between the monthly frequency of sexual intercourse and the incidence of recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis. A woman’s vagina maintains its own balanced mix of yeast and bacteria. Can thrush harm my baby during pregnancy?, some women have tried making vaginal suppositories using a garlic clove wrapped in sterile gauze. Ask your pharmacist about the side effects of each medicine you take. That water could go up inside the vagina or lap around the vulvar area, and it kills the bacteria, especially lactobacilli. They can develop at any age, but these infections are more common during reproductive years.


These medications are used vaginally for 1-7 days. If you have or suspect you may have a health concern, consult your professional health care provider. For identification by light microscopy, a scraping or swab of the affected area is placed on a microscope slide. Candidal sepsis is rare. Powell said, that's probably the most effective. Most work equally well, but each patient's situation is different therefore your health care provider may want to try one versus another to treat your specific infection. Common examples include: But once you've had a few yeast infections and can better recognize the signs, you can use over-the-counter medicine to treat them.

15 The recurrence rates in the treated and untreated partner groups were found to be similar at six months and one year. If this is the first time you have had vaginal symptoms, you should see your health care professional. Yogurt can't treat yeast infections – the denver post, simply apply plain yogurt over the affected area and leave it on for 20 minutes. This overgrowth results from a change in the acidic environment in the vagina, allowing the Candida to grow unchecked by protective bacteria.

When there is less Lactobacillus in your vagina, it becomes less acidic, and therefore a perfect environment for yeast.

With treatment, your yeast infection will pass after one to seven days (the length of treatment depends on which product you are using). This could make it harder for the body to fight off yeast infections. Vaginal candidiasis is common, though more research is needed to understand how many women are affected. Candidiasis, unfortunately, the mortality rate from invasive candida remains high, and there are emerging cases of drug-resistant candida, meaning that even after treatment with traditional antifungal medications, the infection persists (CDC, 2020). If your vaginal symptoms are not typical of a vaginal yeast infection, your doctor can look for signs of yeast or other organisms using a wet mount test of vaginal discharge. This disorder typically occurs in people with diabetes or a weakened immune system or in otherwise healthy people whose hands are subjected to frequent wetting or washing. If you are pregnant, don't use medicine for a yeast infection without talking to your doctor first.


Your doctor is likely to ask you a number of questions, including: If this environment changes, the balance between fungus and bacterial growth can lead to fungal overgrowth and inflammation. Some probiotic supplements may offer a natural solution to yeast infection. Yeast can also “overgrow” in warm or humid conditions. Known etiologies of recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis include treatment-resistant Candida species other than Candida albicans, frequent antibiotic therapy, contraceptive use, compromise of the immune system, sexual activity and hyperglycemia. Don't take baths. Symptoms range from mild vaginal itching or burning to severe itching, swelling, and burning, accompanied by a white, watery or thick discharge. Yeast infection symptoms generally present with itching, a white vaginal discharge, and pain or soreness.

Some are creams you apply inside the vagina. To help avoid them, follow your doctor's advice, wear cotton underwear, and try to wear loose-fitting clothes. Thanks for visiting! They're not chronic. However, other types of yeasts can also be responsible. They aren’t contagious, and can’t spread to another person during sex.

  • Trichomoniasis is a condition caused by the microscopic parasite Trichomonas vaginalis.
  • A vaginal yeast infection is not considered a sexually-transmitted infection (STD), but 12% to 15% of men develop symptoms such as itching and penile rash following sexual contact with an infected partner.
  • If you are pregnant, do not use vaginal boric acid treatment.
  • Don't try to self-diagnose your first yeast infection, health experts say.
  • Having a condition such as poorly controlled diabetes or can lead to too much yeast growing in the vagina.
  • To diagnose a yeast infection, a healthcare provider will ask about symptoms and do a pelvic exam.
  • Vaginal yeast infections are also known as candidiasis or vaginal thrush.

Your Condition, Test or Medication

1 Yet there is evidence that numbers of genital Lactobacillus are similar for women with and without symptomatic VVC. An infection will often arise after treatment with oral antibiotics, which kill the protective bacteria and allow the fungus to survive and flourish. Antifungal pills that are taken by mouth affect your entire body. So proper management of diabetes – for those with the chronic condition – is important, as well as talking with your doctor about other ways to lower your risk. Those at higher risk for it include: Side effects can include nausea, headaches, and belly pain. They may even cause other problems, such as allergic reactions, in some women. Some women report relief from adding diluted tea tree oil to a tampon and inserting this into the vagina overnight.

Other research indicates that a component of tea tree oil (terpinen-4-ol) enhances the activity of the common antifungal drug fluconazole. These contain powerful antifungals called azoles. You can get a range of similar yeast infection medications without a prescription, too. Infection is more likely to return if some health problems, such as diabetes, are not under control.

If your vaginal chemistry gets thrown off balance, the normal yeast that live in your vagina can grow too much and lead to an infection. Therefore, unless one is absolutely certain of the diagnosis, a visit to a health care provider experienced in women's health is necessary. For most girls, there's no way to prevent yeast infections. A guy with a yeast infection may not have any symptoms or the tip of the penis may become red and sore or itchy. Vaginal yeast infections can also occur as a result of injury to the inner vagina, such as after chemotherapy. One good choice is cotton underwear. Antibiotics are used to kill off harmful bacteria in the body.

What Is Bacterial Vaginosis?

We apologize for any inconvenience. And, if your doctor prescribes an antibiotic, be sure to ask about prevention and treatment options, such as Diflucan and Monistat. Taking an antifungal medication for three to seven days will usually clear a yeast infection. While little high-quality research has investigated this use of probiotics, many healthcare providers recommend taking a probiotic supplement either during or immediately after completing a course of antibiotics to reduce the risk of a yeast infection. For treatment of recurrent VVC, RCTs have shown the effectiveness of oral fluconazole and itraconazole maintenance therapy taken for 6 months after an initial regimen. 16 If an infection recurs at least three months after the previous episode, it is more likely to be caused by a different C. Your health care professional also may suggest other tests. 10 signs you have candida overgrowth & how to eliminate it. If you have used an over-the-counter medication and your symptoms do not go away, see your health care professional.

See your doctor if you aren't sure what you have or if this is the first time you have had these symptoms. Call your doctor immediately if you: Do not wear tight clothing. Although the initial infection is sometimes diagnosed over the telephone, clinical evaluation of recurrent episodes is essential.

Wear cotton underwear. That being said, Meera Garcia, MD, assistant professor of obstetrics and gynecology at Columbia University Irving Medical Center, told POPSUGAR that though the antibiotics with a "wider spectrum of kill" will usually have increased potential for causing yeast buildup, it all depends on the interaction between the antibiotics and the person. The symptoms of a yeast infection depend on where it happens on your body.